杉本 研
   Department     ,
   Position  
Article types 原著
Language English
Peer review Peer reviewed
Title Angiotensin 1-7 alleviates aging-associated muscle weakness and bone loss, but is not associated with accelerated aging in ACE2-knockout mice.
Journal Formal name:Clinical science (London, England : 1979)
Abbreviation:Clin Sci (Lond)
ISSN code:14708736/01435221
Domestic / ForeginForegin
Volume, Issue, Page 133(18),2005-2018頁
Author and coauthor Nozato Satoko, Yamamoto Koichi, Takeshita Hikari, Nozato Yoichi, Imaizumi Yuki, Fujimoto Taku, Yokoyama Serina, Nagasawa Motonori, Takeda Masao, Hongyo Kazuhiro, Akasaka Hiroshi, Takami Yoichi, Takeya Yasushi, Sugimoto Ken, Mogi Masaki, Horiuchi Masatsugu, Rakugi Hiromi
Publication date 2019/09
Summary The angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2)-angiotensin 1-7 (A1-7)-A1-7 receptor (Mas) axis plays a protective role in the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). We recently found that ACE2 knockout (ACE2KO) mice exhibit earlier aging-associated muscle weakness, and that A1-7 alleviates muscle weakness in aging mice. In the present study, we investigated the role of the A1-7-Mas pathway in the effect of ACE2 on physiological aging. Male wild-type, ACE2KO, and Mas knockout (MasKO) mice were subjected to periodical grip strength measurement, followed by administration of A1-7 or vehicle for 4 weeks at 24 months of age. ACE2KO mice exhibited decreased grip strength after 6 months of age, while grip strength of MasKO mice was similar to that of wild-type mice. A1-7 improved grip strength in ACE2KO and wild-type mice, but not in MasKO mice. Muscle fibre size was smaller in ACE2KO mice than that in wild-type and MasKO mice, and increased with A1-7 in ACE2KO and WT mice, but not in MasKO mice. Centrally nucleated fibres (CNFs) and expression of the senescence-associated gene p16INK4a in skeletal muscles were enhanced only in ACE2KO mice and were not altered by A1-7. ACE2KO mice, but not MasKO mice, exhibited thinning of peripheral fat along with increased adipose expression of p16INK4a A1-7 significantly increased bone volume in wild-type and ACE2KO mice, but not in MasKO mice. Our findings suggest that the impact of ACE2 on physiological aging does not depend on the endogenous production of A1-7 by ACE2, while overactivation of the A1-7-Mas pathway could alleviate sarcopenia and osteoporosis in aged mice.
DOI 10.1042/CS20190573
PMID 31519791