杉本 研
   Department     ,
   Position  
Article types 原著
Language English
Peer review Peer reviewed
Title Loss of ACE2 exaggerates high-calorie diet-induced insulin resistance by reduction of GLUT4 in mice.
Journal Formal name:Diabetes
Abbreviation:Diabetes
ISSN code:1939327X/00121797
Domestic / ForeginForegin
Volume, Issue, Page 62(1),223-233頁
Author and coauthor Takeda Masao, Yamamoto Koichi, Takemura Yukihiro, Takeshita Hikari, Hongyo Kazuhiro, Kawai Tatsuo, Hanasaki-Yamamoto Hiroko, Oguro Ryosuke, Takami Yoichi, Tatara Yuji, Takeya Yasushi, Sugimoto Ken, Kamide Kei, Ohishi Mitsuru, Rakugi Hiromi
Publication date 2013/01
Summary ACE type 2 (ACE2) functions as a negative regulator of the renin-angiotensin system by cleaving angiotensin II (AII) into angiotensin 1-7 (A1-7). This study assessed the role of endogenous ACE2 in maintaining insulin sensitivity. Twelve-week-old male ACE2 knockout (ACE2KO) mice had normal insulin sensitivities when fed a standard diet. AII infusion or a high-fat, high-sucrose (HFHS) diet impaired glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity more severely in ACE2KO mice than in their wild-type (WT) littermates. The strain difference in glucose tolerance was not eliminated by an AII receptor type 1 (AT1) blocker but was eradicated by A1-7 or an AT1 blocker combined with the A1-7 inhibitor (A779). The expression of GLUT4 and a transcriptional factor, myocyte enhancer factor (MEF) 2A, was dramatically reduced in the skeletal muscles of the standard diet-fed ACE2KO mice. The expression of GLUT4 and MEF2A was increased by A1-7 in ACE2KO mice and decreased by A779 in WT mice. A1-7 enhanced upregulation of MEF2A and GLUT4 during differentiation of myoblast cells. In conclusion, ACE2 protects against high-calorie diet-induced insulin resistance in mice. This mechanism may involve the transcriptional regulation of GLUT4 via an A1-7-dependent pathway.
DOI 10.2337/db12-0177
PMID 22933108