Takeshi Yoda
   Department   Kawasaki Medical School  Kawasaki Medical School, Department of Public Health,
   Position   Assistant Professor
Article types 原著
Language English
Peer review Peer reviewed
Title Prevalence and factors related to hypouricemia and hyperuricemia in schoolchildren: results of a large-scale cross-sectional population-based study conducted in Japan.
Journal Formal name:Scientific reports
Abbreviation:Sci Rep
ISSN code:20452322/20452322
Domestic / ForeginForegin
Volume, Issue, Page 12(1),pp.17848
Author and coauthor Aoki Yuhei, Sofue Tadashi, Kawakami Ryo, Ozaki Takashi, Manabe Masahiro, Kanda Kanae, Yoda Takeshi, Kusaka Takashi, Hirao Tomohiro, Minamino Tetsuo
Publication date 2022/10
Summary Hypouricemia in children including renal hypouricemia, which is a major cause of exercise-induced acute renal injury (EIAKI), is an important clinical problem, in addition to hyperuricemia. However, no large-scale studies of serum uric acid (UA) concentrations in the general pre-adolescent population have been carried out. We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study to measure the prevalences of hypouricemia and hyperuricemia and identify the associated factors. We analyzed 31,822 (16,205 boys and 15,617 girls) 9-10-year-old children who underwent pediatric health check-ups in Kagawa prefecture between 2014 and 2018. Hypouricemia and hyperuricemia were defined using serum UA concentrations of ≤ 2.0 mg/dL and ≥ 6.0 mg/dL, respectively. The prevalence of hypouricemia was 0.38% in both 9- and 10-year-old boys and girls, and was not significantly associated with age, sex, or environmental factors, including overweight. The prevalence of hyperuricemia was significantly higher in boys (2.7%) than in girls (1.9%), and was significantly associated with age, overweight, future diabetes risk, hypertriglyceridemia, low high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and liver damage, but not with high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Therefore, some pre-adolescent children in the general population in Japan showed hypouricemia. A means of identifying children with hypouricemia and lifestyle guidance measures for the prevention of EIAKI should be established.
DOI 10.1038/s41598-022-19724-1
PMID 36284103