所属 川崎医科大学 医学部 基礎医学 生化学
|表題||Induction of essential components of the superoxide generating system in human monoblastic leukemia U937 cells.|
|掲載誌名||正式名：Journal of Biochemistry|
略 称：J. Biochem.
|著者・共著者||Kikuchi Hidehiko, Fujinawa Taku, Kuribayashi Futoshi, Nakanishi Akira, Imajoh-Ohmi Shinobu, Goto Miki, Kanegasaki Shiro.|
|概要||Cytochrome b558 composed of large and small subunits, and cytosolic 47- and 65-kDa proteins are important constituents of the superoxide (O2-) generating system in phagocytes and B lymphocytes. In this paper, we describe changes in O2(-)-generating activity and expression of O2(-)-generating components during differentiation of human monoblastic leukemia U937 cells to macrophage-like cells. Undifferentiated U937 cells generated no O2- in response to a stimulation, although they expressed the three components other than the cytochrome b558 large subunit. When U937 cells were cultured with agents that induced the cell differentiation, such as vitamin D3, retinoic acid, interferon-gamma, and tumor necrosis factor, O2(-)-generating activity increased 5- to 200-fold depending on the agent used. Immunoblotting analysis revealed that the amounts of the four protein components essential for O2- generation increased, although their induction levels were significantly different between inducers. Among the four protein components, the cytochrome subunits were induced in low levels by all agents tested, which may explain why the O2(-)-generating activity of differentiated U937 cells was much lower than that of neutrophils from peripheral blood.|