イシヅカ ユウタ   Yuta Ishizuka
  石塚 佑太
   所属   川崎医科大学  医学部 基礎医学 病態代謝学
   職種   講師
論文種別 原著
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読あり
表題 Development and validation of Arc nanobodies: new tools for probing Arc dynamics and function.
掲載誌名 正式名:Neurochemical research
略  称:Neurochem Res
ISSNコード:03643190
掲載区分国外
出版社 Springer
巻・号・頁 47,2656-2666頁
著者・共著者 Yuta Ishizuka*, Tadiwos F. Mergiya, Rodolfo Baldinotti, Ju Xu, Erik I. Hallin, Sigurbjörn Markússon, Petri Kursula, Clive R. Bramham*
発行年月 2022/03
概要 Activity-regulated cytoskeleton-associated (Arc) protein plays key roles in long-term synaptic plasticity, memory, and cognitive flexibility. However, an integral understanding of Arc mechanisms is lacking. Arc is proposed to function as an interaction hub in neuronal dendrites and the nucleus, yet Arc can also form retrovirus-like capsids with proposed roles in intercellular communication. Here, we sought to develop anti-Arc nanobodies (ArcNbs) as new tools for probing Arc dynamics and function. Six ArcNbs representing different clonal lines were selected from immunized alpaca. Immunoblotting with recombinant ArcNbs fused to a small ALFA-epitope tag demonstrated binding to recombinant Arc as well as endogenous Arc from rat cortical tissue. ALFA-tagged ArcNb also provided efficient immunoprecipitation of stimulus-induced Arc after carbachol-treatment of SHSY5Y neuroblastoma cells and induction of long-term potentiation in the rat dentate gyrus in vivo. Epitope mapping showed that all Nbs recognize the Arc C-terminal region containing the retroviral Gag capsid homology domain, comprised of tandem N- and C-lobes. ArcNbs E5 and H11 selectively bound the N-lobe, which harbors a peptide ligand binding pocket specific to mammals. Four additional ArcNbs bound the region containing the C-lobe and C-terminal tail. For use as genetically encoded fluorescent intrabodies, we show that ArcNbs fused to mScarlet-I are uniformly expressed, without aggregation, in the cytoplasm and nucleus of HEK293FT cells. Finally, mScarlet-I-ArcNb H11 expressed as intrabody selectively bound the N-lobe and enabled co-immunoprecipitation of full-length intracellular Arc. ArcNbs are versatile tools for live-cell labeling and purification of Arc, and interrogation of Arc capsid domain specific functions.
DOI doi: 10.1007/s11064-022-03573-5