藤原 篤之
   Department     ,
   Position  
Article types 原著
Language English
Peer review Peer reviewed
Title Effect of trabeculectomy on visual field progression in Japanese progressive normal-tension glaucoma with intraocular pressure < 15 mmHg.
Journal Formal name:PloS one
Abbreviation:PLoS One
ISSN code:19326203/19326203
Domestic / ForeginForegin
Volume, Issue, Page 12(8),e0184096頁
Author and coauthor Naito Tomoko, Fujiwara Miyuki, Miki Takako, Araki Ryoichi, Fujiwara Atsushi, Shiode Yusuke, Morizane Yuki, Nagayama Mikio, Shiraga Fumio
Publication date 2017
Summary We examined the effectiveness of trabeculectomy in decreasing the slope of mean deviation (MD) in Japanese patients with progressive normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) at low intraocular pressure (IOP) levels. The charts of patients who had undergone initial trabeculectomy with adjunctive mitomycin C for progressive NTG with medically controlled IOP < 15 mmHg in 2010-2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Seventeen eyes of 13 NTG patients who had undergone at least 5 times of visual field (VF) examinations in both of preoperatively and postoperatively with postoperative follow-up of ≥ 2 years were enrolled. Preoperative and postoperative MD slopes were compared to evaluate the effectiveness of trabeculectomy in slowing progression of VF. Mean IOP (8.1 ± 2.9 mmHg) and number of IOP-lowering medications (0.8 ± 1.5) were significantly lower postoperatively than preoperatively (13.9 ± 0.9 mmHg; P < 0.001 and 3.0± 0.4; P < 0.0001). In total, 91.7% of eyes with single-digit IOP postoperatively showed improvement in MD slope, whereas only 20.0% of eyes with IOP ≥ 10 mmHg postoperatively showed the improvement. Three eyes (17.6%) showed a decrease in visual acuity (VA) of ≥ 0.1 unit; this group had a lower mean postoperative IOP (6.0 ± 1.0 vs. 8.6 ± 3.0 mmHg; P = 0.1717) and a higher mean IOP reduction rate (56.2 vs. 38.5%; P = 0.8296) than eyes with a VA decrease of < 0.1 unit or no change. Thus, in this analysis of Japanese NTG patients with medically controlled IOP < 15 mmHg, achieving an IOP < 10 mmHg with trabeculectomy was beneficial for reducing the VF progression rate in progressive NTG at low IOP levels. However, an IOP < 7 mmHg by surgery would be required careful attention to VA decline.
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0184096
PMID 28850613